A novel role of the opioid system in the regulation of sperm function is demonstrated that shows that both exogenous and endogenous met-enkephalin can modulate sperm motility.
Voluntary participation in this external quality control program improved overall performance of semen analysis. Surprisingly,
It is recommended that practitioners defer gamete donors who have confirmed or suspected West Nile virus infections.
The purpose of this document is to summarize the current therapies for endometriosis.
In Vitro Production of Haploid Cells after Coculture of CD49f+ with Sertoli Cells from testicular sperm extraction in Nonobstructive Azoospermic Patients
In vitro co-culture of CD49f+ with Sertoli cells from TESE, obtained in azoospermic patients, promotes meiosis progression as demonstrated by SCP3 and CREST staining and generation of haploid cells.
The article outlines current understanding of the etiology of adenomyosis and the role of the myometrium, and outlines how MRI and transvaginal ultrasound have enhanced our understanding of the disease.
Deep endometriosis remains a subject of debate. A comprehensive overview of the definition, pathophysiology, prevalence, classification, diagnosis, and treatment was therefore attempted.
Surgery has a fundamental role to play in the treatment of endometriomas. Considerable surgical experience is required, however, to minimize ovarian damage.
Many pharmacological groups were tested in in vitro/animal models of endometriosis and a smaller number of them were tried in humans. A few alternatives for the treatment of this disease can now be considered.
Nuclear factor-kappaB: a main regulator of inflammation and cell survival in endometriosis pathophysiology
NF-kB activation upregulates 18 inflammation and cell proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of 19 endometriotic cells. Iron overload-mediated NF-kB activation is postulated as a mechanism 20 favoring endometriosis development.
Endometriosis prevalence is as high as 35%-50% in women experiencing pain or infertility. This "Views and Reviews" is devoted to the pathogenesis and treatment of this enigmatic disease.