This bulletin outlines the proper use of CPT codes for procedures performed by assisted reproductive technology practices. This document replaces the document of the same name, last published in 2008.
Intrafamilial gamete donation and surrogacy arrangements are generally acceptable, except when donation or surrogacy mimics true consanguineous or incestuous unions. Child-to-parent arrangements are generally unacceptable.
We discuss the issues and challenges faced by women with Turner syndrome, and by prospective parents of a child with Turner syndrome.
Women with Turner syndrome are at high risk of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Fertility preservation may be an option for some girls. They also require lifelong comprehensive screening.
In Turner Syndrome (TS), which affects approximately 1 in 2,500 live-born females, involvement of a multidisciplinary team is beneficial for the specific aspects of endocrine and cardiac management.
Turner syndrome, which combines short stature with a 45,X cell line (pure or mosaic), usually results from a male meiotic error. Chromosomal complement does not accurately predict the phenotype.