Frozen thawed embryo transfer is associated with a significantly reduced incidence of ectopic pregnancy

The incidence of pregnancy of unknown location and visualized EP were each significantly reduced in transfers of thawed embryos when compared with fresh embryo transfers.

0
0

Authors

Bruce S. Shapiro, M.D., Ph.D., Said T. Daneshmand, M.D., Laura De Leon, M.D., Forest C. Garner, M.Sc., Martha Aguirre, Ph.D., Cynthia Hudson, M.S.

Volume 98, Issue 6, Pages 1490-1494, December 2012

Abstract

Objective:

To compare the incidence of ectopic pregnancy after fresh embryo transfer and thawed embryo transfer.

Design:

Retrospective cohort study.

Setting:

Private fertility center.

Patients:

This retrospective study included 2,150 blastocyst transfers, including all 1,460 fresh autologous blastocyst transfers and all 690 transfers of autologous blastocysts derived from post-thaw extended culture (PTEC) of thawed bipronuclear oocytes in the 8-year study period 2004-2011.

Main outcome measures:

Visualized ectopic pregnancy (VEP) and treated persistent pregnancy of unknown location (TPPUL).

Results:

The rate of VEP was 1.5% in pregnancies in fresh autologous cycles, which was significantly greater than the rate of 0.0% with autologous PTEC. The rates of TPPUL were 2.5% and 0.3% in these two groups, respectively, a difference that was also statistically significant (relative risk 7.3, 95% CI 1.7-31.0).

Conclusions:

Relative to fresh transfer, thawed embryo transfer was associated with significantly reduced incidence of ectopic pregnancy. These findings are consistent with ovarian stimulation increasing the risk of ectopic pregnancy.

Read the full text at: http://www.fertstert.org/article/S0015-0282(12)01889-4/fulltext


Go to the profile of Fertility and Sterility

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

No comments yet.