CGB5 promoter variants were associated with a modest but significant effect on reducing recurrent miscarriage (RM) risk. No common genetic variants in CGB5 and CGB8 were associated with increased RM susceptibility.
There were no statistically significant differences in the distribution of genotype and allele frequencies of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases 1, 2, 3, and 4 gene polymorphisms between idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion couples and control subjects.
Endometrial and subendometrial microvascularization was increased in women with IUD-induced menorrhagia, as evidenced by 3D power Doppler analysis; however, this finding has no predictive value before IUD insertion.
Various demographic factors were identified to influence vasectomy prevalence (6.6%), and 19.6% of vasectomized men desired future children, revealing a need for additional counseling on permanent contraceptive methods.
Body mass index correlation with sex hormones is exponential for testosterone and power for sex hormone–binding globulin (SHBG). Bariatric surgery improves all parameters with a higher than expected (for corresponding weight loss) increase of total testosterone and SHBG.
This observational study of sperm DNA fragmentation in men with malignancy presenting for semen cryopreservation compared with men presenting for sperm donation found no difference in sperm DNA fragmentation indices.
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