Because waiting for at least two menstrual cycles after surgery does not necessarily yield superior outcomes, patients can undergo ovarian stimulation after their next menses following hysteroscopic polypectomy without affecting in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer outcomes.
Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid complexed with polyethylenimine clearly decreased angiogenesis and promoted apoptosis in a mouse model of leiomyoma, but prolonged treatments may be necessary to affect lesion size.
Growth differentiation factor 8 increased estradiol production by up-regulating the aromatase and follicle-stimulating hormone receptor, but decreased progesterone production by down-regulating steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and luteinizing hormone receptors in human granulosa-lutein cells.
In vitro fertilization using autologous vitrified–warmed oocytes is comparable to treatment using fresh oocytes. Oocyte vitrification is appropriate treatment for indications including unavailability of sperm, limited insemination, and elective fertility preservation.
Sequential single embryo transfers, when clinically appropriate, can reduce total assisted reproductive technology treatment and pregnancy/infant-associated medical costs by reducing multiple births without lowering live birth rates.
Occult endometriosis microimplants spread out wide into the bowel wall, attaining varying distances from the deep endometriosis macronodules and colorectal resection,may lead to incomplete resection of microimplants in a considerable number of cases.
In women with colorectal endometriosis, bowel resection margins of colorectal resection specimens presented occult microscopic endometriosis implants in 14.6% of cases with no impact on short-term clinical outcomes.
Improvements in equipment and training, national guidelines, and other measures after a national inquiry into miscarriage misdiagnosis in the Republic of Ireland have resulted in prevention of further cases.
There is a significant difference between the crown-rump length measured in fetuses conceived by assisted reproduction techniques and fetuses conceived by spontaneous pregnancy, which may be indicative of a difference in early growth.
In a national cross-sectional study, women receiving care from family-planning clinics had lower odds of long-acting reversible contraception use compared with those receiving care from a private doctor’s office or health maintenance organization.
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